Treasury shares acquired by the Parent during the year are recognised at the value of the consideration paid and are deducted directly from equity. Gains and losses on the acquisition, sale, issue or retirement of treasury shares are recognised directly in equity and in no case are they recognised in the consolidated income statement.
Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the leased asset to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases. All of the Group’s leases are operating leases.
In operating leases, the ownership of the leased asset and substantially all the risks and rewards relating to the leased assets remain with the lessor, which recognises the assets at their acquisition cost.
These assets are depreciated using a policy consistent with the lessor’s normal depreciation policy for similar items for own use and lease income is recognised in the income statement on a straight-line basis.
When the consolidated companies act as the lessee, lease costs, including any incentives granted by the lessor, are recognised as an expense on a straight-line basis. Income received and receivable in relation to incentives to arrange an operating lease is also allocated to profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.
Under current employment legislation, the companies are required to pay termination benefits to employees terminated under certain conditions. There are no situations of this nature in these consolidated financial statements.
The Group recognises, on the one hand, the goods and services received as an asset or as an expense, depending on their nature, when they are received and, on the other, the related increase in equity, if the transaction is equity-settled, or the related liability if the transaction is settled with an amount based on the value of the equity instruments.
In the case of equity-settled transactions, both the services rendered and the increase in equity are measured at the fair value of the equity instruments granted, by reference to the grant date. In the case of cash-settled share-based payments, the goods and services received and the related liability are recognised at the fair value of the latter, by reference to the date on which the requirements for recognition are met.
The share-based payments of Saeta Yield relate to certain Company executives (Note 20) and, as they are expected to be settled in cash, the corresponding liability was recognised (Note 19).
The current income tax expense is calculated by aggregating the current tax expense arising from the application of the tax rate to the taxable profit (tax loss) for the year, after deducting the tax credits allowable for tax purposes, plus the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities include temporary differences measured at the amount expected to be payable or recoverable on differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases, and tax loss and tax credit carryforwards. These amounts are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled.
Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences, unless the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or the initial recognition (except in the case of a business combination) of other assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither accounting profit (loss) nor taxable profit (tax loss).
Deferred tax assets are recognised for temporary differences to the extent that it is considered probable that the consolidated companies will have sufficient taxable profits in the future against which the deferred tax asset can be utilised, and the deferred tax assets do not arise from the initial recognition (except in a business combination) of other assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither accounting profit (loss) nor taxable profit (tax loss).
Deferred tax assets and liabilities arising from transactions charged or credited directly to equity are also recognised in equity.
The deferred tax assets and liabilities recognised are reassessed at each reporting date in order to ascertain whether they still exist, and the appropriate adjustments are made on the basis of the findings of the analyses performed regarding the period and recoverable amounts.