Derivatives Not Designated as Hedges
Interest Rate Swaps
The Company has interest rate swap agreements that economically hedge the cash flows for non-recourse debt. These interest rate swaps pay a fixed rate and the counterparties to the agreements pay a variable interest rate. The changes in fair value are recorded in interest expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations as these hedges are not accounted for under hedge accounting.
As discussed in Note 11. Long-term Debt, the Company experienced defaults under certain of its non-recourse financing agreements prior to the issuance of the financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015. As the Company's interest rate swap agreements contain cross-default provisions, $0.5 million and $0.7 million, respectively, of related liabilities have been reclassified to current as of December 31, 2016 and 2015. The Company is actively working with the counterparties to cure these defaults and obtain waivers as necessary.
As of December 31, 2016, the Company reclassified $4.0 million of current derivative liabilities to liabilities related to assets held for sale and $16.8 million of non-current derivative liabilities to non-current liabilities related to assets held for sale. These pertain to interest rate swap agreements for the U.K. portfolio that were previously designated as cash flow hedges but are now being accounted for as derivatives not designated as hedges, with the changes in fair value being recorded through earnings. The impact of the change in accounting treatment has been discussed previously within this footnote.
Foreign Currency Contracts
The Company has foreign currency contracts in order to economically hedge its exposure to foreign currency fluctuations. The settlement of these hedges occurs on a quarterly basis through maturity. As these hedges are not accounted for under hedge accounting, the changes in fair value are recorded in loss on foreign currency exchange, net in the consolidated statements of operations.
The Company has commodity contracts in order to economically hedge commodity price variability inherent in certain electricity sales arrangements. If the Company sells electricity to an independent system operator market and there is no PPA available, it may enter into a commodity contract to hedge all or a portion of their estimated revenue stream. These commodity contracts require periodic settlements in which the Company receives a fixed-price based on specified quantities of electricity and pays the counterparty a variable market price based on the same specified quantity of electricity. As these hedges are not accounted for under hedge accounting, the changes in fair value are recorded in operating revenues net, in the consolidated statements of operations.
14. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The fair value of assets and liabilities are determined using either unadjusted quoted prices in active markets (Level 1) or pricing inputs that are observable (Level 2) whenever that information is available and using unobservable inputs (Level 3) to estimate fair value only when relevant observable inputs are not available. The Company uses valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs. Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest priority level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Where observable inputs are available for substantially the full term of the asset or liability, the instrument is categorized in Level 2. If the inputs into the valuation are not corroborated by market data, in such instances, the valuation for these contracts is established using techniques including extrapolation from or interpolation between actively traded contracts as well as calculation of implied volatilities. When such inputs have a significant impact on the measurement of fair value, the instrument is categorized as Level 3. The Company regularly evaluates and validates the inputs used to determine fair value of Level 3 contracts by using pricing services to support the underlying market price of commodity.
The Company uses a discounted cash flow valuation technique to fair value its derivative assets and liabilities. The primary inputs in the valuation models for commodity contracts are market observable forward commodity curves and risk-free